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Simulating population recovery of an aquatic isopod: Effects of timing of stress and landscape structure

Galic, N. and Baveco, H. and Hengeveld, G.M. and Thorbeck, P. and Bruns, E. and Brink, P. (2012) Simulating population recovery of an aquatic isopod: Effects of timing of stress and landscape structure. Environmental Pollution, 163, 91-99. ISSN 0269-7491.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.envpol.2011.12.024

Abstract

In agroecosystems, organisms may regularly be exposed to anthropogenic stressors, e.g. pesticides. Species' sensitivity to stress depends on toxicity, life-history, and landscape structure. We developed an individual-based model of an isopod, Asellus aquaticus, to explore how timing of stress events affects population dynamics in a seasonal environment. Furthermore, we tested the relevance of habitat connectivity and spatial distribution of stress for the recovery of a local and total population. The simulation results indicated that population recovery is mainly driven by reproductive periods. Furthermore, high habitat connectivity led to faster recovery both for local and total populations. However, effects of landscape structure disappeared for homogeneously stressed populations, where local survivors increased recovery rate. Finally, local populations recovered faster, implying that assessing recovery in the field needs careful consideration of spatial scale for sampling. We emphasize the need for a coherent definition of recovery for more relevant ecosystem risk assessment and management.

Item Type:Article
Institutes:Nederlands Instituut voor Ecologie (NIOO)
ID Code:10029
Deposited On:12 Jan 2012 01:00
Last Modified:22 Aug 2013 11:54

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