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Nitrogen fixation by Baltic cyanobacteria is adapted to the prevailing photon flux density

Evans, A.M. and Gallon, J.R. and Jones, A. and Staal, M.J. and Stal, L.J. and Villbrandt, M. and Walton, T.J. (2000) Nitrogen fixation by Baltic cyanobacteria is adapted to the prevailing photon flux density. New Phytologist, 147, 285-297. ISSN 0028-646X.

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N-2 fixation, measured as acetylene reduction, was studied in laboratory cultures and in natural assemblages (both as a mixed population and as individually picked colonies) of the heterocystous cyanobacteria Aphanizomenon sp. and Nodularia spp. from the Baltic Sea. During a diurnal cycle of alternating light and darkness, these organisms reduced acetylene predominantly during the period of illumination, although considerable activity was also observed during the dark period. In both laboratory cultures and natural populations N-2 fixation was saturated below photon flux density of 600 mu m(- 2) s(-1). In cyanobacterial blooms in the Baltic Sea, nitrogenase activity was mostly confined to the surface layers. Samples collected from greater depths did not possess the same capacity for acetylene reduction as samples from the surface itself, even when incubated at the photon flux density prevailing in surface waters. This suggests that, with respect to N-2 fixation, Baltic cyanobacteria are adapted to the intensity of illumination that they are currently experiencing. [KEYWORDS: Baltic cyanobacteria; N-2 fixation; Aphanizomenon; Nodularia Fe-protein; planktonic cyanobacteria; anabaena-variabilis; nodularia-spumigena; gloeothece nageli; alternating light; n-2 fixation; gas vesicles; sea; blooms]

Item Type:Article
Institutes:Nederlands Instituut voor Ecologie (NIOO)
ID Code:10857
Deposited On:24 Nov 2011 01:00
Last Modified:31 Mar 2014 10:43

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