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Linking above- and belowground multitrophic interactions of plants, herbivores, pathogens, and their antagonists

Van der Putten, W.H. and Vet, L.E.M. and Harvey, J.A. and Wäckers, F.L. (2001) Linking above- and belowground multitrophic interactions of plants, herbivores, pathogens, and their antagonists. Trends in Ecology & Evolution, 16, 547-554. ISSN 0169-5347.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0169-5347(01)02265-0

Abstract

Plants function in a complex multitrophic environment. Most multitrophic studies, however, have almost exclusively focused on aboveground interactions, generally neglecting the fact that above- and belowground organisms interact. The spatial and temporal dynamics of above- and belowground herbivores, plant pathogens, and their antagonists, can differ in space and time. This affects the temporal interaction strengths and impacts of above- and belowground higher trophic level organisms on plants. Combining both above- and belowground compartments in studies of multitrophic interactions throughout the life cycle of plants will improve our understanding of ecology and evolution in the real world. [KEYWORDS: Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi; biological-control; natural enemies; populations; resistance; challenges; responses; evolution; patterns; defense]

Item Type:Article
Institutes:Nederlands Instituut voor Ecologie (NIOO)
ID Code:11083
Deposited On:24 Nov 2011 01:00
Last Modified:31 Mar 2014 11:01

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