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Field infestation of Phaseolus vulgaris by Acanthoscelides obtectus (Coleoptera: Bruchidae), parasitoid abundance, and consequences for storage pest control

Schmale, I. and Wäckers, F.L. and Cardona, C. and Dorn, S. (2002) Field infestation of Phaseolus vulgaris by Acanthoscelides obtectus (Coleoptera: Bruchidae), parasitoid abundance, and consequences for storage pest control. Environmental Entomology, 31, 859-863. ISSN 0046-225X.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1603/0046-225X(2002)031[0859:FIOPVB]2.0.CO;2

Abstract

Over a period of 3 yr we collected 19 samples (1 kg each) of recently harvested beans (Phaseolus vidgaris L.) from eight small-scale farms in Restrepo, Valle de Cauca, Colombia. Initial infestation by Acanthoscelides obtectus (Say) was low, but frequent. At harvest, 90% of the bean samples were infested by the weevil. The average level of infestation was 16 weevils per 1,000 beans, with a maximum of 55 weevils. Infested beans usually carried multiple larvae with a maximum of 13 larvae per bean. Emergence data indicate that oviposition by A. obtectus in the field is confined to a very short period before harvest. This relatively narrow time window can be exploited for proper timing of control measures. Only one species of parasitoid, Horismenus ashmeadii (Dalla Torre) (Hymenoptera: Eulophidae), was recorded, emerging from 21% of the samples. Samples with parasitoids had an average of five parasitoids per 1,000 beans, with a maximum of 12 parasitoids. This represented a parasitization level of 18%. During the 16 wk of storage, two weevil generations emerged, which caused visible damage in 0.5 and 34% of the beans (average of 14%). Although H. ashmeadii was successful in attacking the first generation of A. obtectus in the field, it failed to attack or develop under storage conditions. This indivates H. ashmeadii cannot serve as a postharvest control agent. [KEYWORDS: Acanthoscelides obtectus,beans, Bruchidae, parasitoids, oviposition behavior, storage pest]

Item Type:Article
Institutes:Nederlands Instituut voor Ecologie (NIOO)
ID Code:11224
Deposited On:24 Nov 2011 01:00
Last Modified:31 Mar 2014 10:02

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