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Effect of a nonhost plant on the location behavior of two parasitoids: The tritrophic system of Cotesia spp. (Hymenoptera : Braconidae), Pieris rapae (Lepidoptera : Pieridae), and Brassica oleraceae

Perfecto, I. and Vet, L.E.M. (2003) Effect of a nonhost plant on the location behavior of two parasitoids: The tritrophic system of Cotesia spp. (Hymenoptera : Braconidae), Pieris rapae (Lepidoptera : Pieridae), and Brassica oleraceae. Environmental Entomology, 32, 163-174. ISSN 0046-225X.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1603/0046-225X(2003)032[0163:EOANPO]2.0.CO;2

Abstract

The effect of mixing Brussels sprouts with potato plants on the foraging behavior of two parasitoid species was examined within the tritrophic system of Brassica oleraccae, the herbivore Pieris rapae L. (Lepidoptera: Pieridae), and two parasitoids, Cotesia glomerata L. (Hymenoptera: Braconiadae) and Cotasia rubecula Marshall (Hymenoptera: Braconidae). The two parasitoids differ in the spectrum of host used: C. glomerata, has a wider host range, and C. rubecula has narrower host range, with P. rapae being its preferred host. The experimental design consisted of a completely crossed multifactorial design with the following factors: (1) plant diversity (monoculture and diculture), (2) species of parasitoid (C. glomerata and C. rubecula), and (3) level of experience (naive and experienced individuals). Results indicated that the effect of plant diversity was different for the two parasitoids. Naive C. glomerata, the parasitoid with the wider host range, were less efficient in the diculture than in the monoculture, but this difference disappeared after experience. Ill contrast, naive C. ritbecula were more efficient in the diculture than in the monoculture with experience having no effect. Response level increased for both species after oviposition experience, with G glomerata exhibiting a high degree of behavioral plasticity. Data indicates that the negative effect Of polyculture on the foraging efficiency of C. glomerata is a result of an attraction to the nonhost plant (potatoes) [KEYWORDS: Cotesia glomerata, Colexia rubecula, Pieris rapae, Brassica plants, polycultures, natural enemies]

Item Type:Article
Institutes:Nederlands Instituut voor Ecologie (NIOO)
ID Code:11383
Deposited On:24 Nov 2011 01:00
Last Modified:31 Mar 2014 10:14

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