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Interplay between population dynamics of Senecio jacobaea and plant, soil and aboveground insect herbivore community composition

Bezemer, T.M. and Harvey, J.A. and Kowalchuk, G.A. and Korpershoek, H. and Van der Putten, W.H. (2006) Interplay between population dynamics of Senecio jacobaea and plant, soil and aboveground insect herbivore community composition. Ecology, 87, 2002-2013. ISSN 0012-9658.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1890/0012-9658(2006)87[2002:IBSJAP]2.0.CO;2

Abstract

To elucidate the factors that affect the performance of plants in their natural environment, it is essential to study interactions with other neighboring plants, as well as with above- and belowground higher trophic organisms. We used a long-term field experiment to study how local plant community diversity influenced colonization by the biennial composite Senecio jacobaea in its native range in The Netherlands in Europe. We tested the effect of sowing later-succession plant species (0, 4, or 15 species) on plant succession and S. jacobaea performance. Over a period of eight years, the percent cover of S. jacobaea was relatively low in communities sown with 15 or 4 later-succession plant species compared to plots that were not sown, but that were colonized naturally. However, after four years of high abundance, the density of S. jacobaea in unsown plots started to decline, and the size of the individual plants was smaller than in the plots sown with 15 or 4 plant species. In the unsown plots, densities of aboveground leaf-mining, flower-feedin In a greenhouse experiment, we grew S. jacobaea in sterilized soil inoculated with soil from the different sowing treatments of the field experiment. Biomass production was lower when S. jacobaea test plants were grown in soil from the unsown plots than in soil from the sown plots (4 or 15 species). Molecular analysis of the fungal and bacterial communities revealed that the composition of fungal communities in unsown plots differed significantly from those in sown plots, suggesting that soil fu

Item Type:Article
Institutes:Nederlands Instituut voor Ecologie (NIOO)
ID Code:11901
Deposited On:16 Nov 2011 01:00
Last Modified:14 Oct 2013 12:48

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