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Temporal variation in plant-soil feedback controls succession

Kardol, P. and Bezemer, T.M. and Van der Putten, W.H. (2006) Temporal variation in plant-soil feedback controls succession. Ecology Letters, 9, 1080-1088. ISSN 1461-023X.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1461-0248.2006.00953.x

Abstract

Soil abiotic and biotic factors play key roles in plant community dynamics. However, little is known about how soil biota influence vegetation changes over time. Here, we show that the effects of soil organisms may depend on both the successional development of ecosystems and on the successional position of the plants involved. In model systems of plants and soils from different successional stages, we observed negative plant–soil feedback for early-successional plant species, neutral feedback for mid-successional species, and positive feedback for late-successional species. The negative feedback of early-successional plants was independent of soil origin, while late-successional plants performed best in late- and worst in early-successional soil. Increased performance of the subordinate, late-successional plants resulted in enhanced plant community diversity. Observed feedback effects were more related to soil biota than to abiotic conditions. Our results show that temporal variations in plant–soil interactions profoundly contribute to plant community assemblage and ecosystem development. [KEYWORDS: biodiversity ; ecosystem restoration ; plant community composition ; plant-specific effects ; secondary succession soil communities]

Item Type:Article
Institutes:Nederlands Instituut voor Ecologie (NIOO)
ID Code:11964
Deposited On:23 Nov 2011 01:00
Last Modified:31 Mar 2014 10:07

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