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A New View of Sooty Blotch and Flyspeck

Gleason, M.L. and Batzer, J.C. and Sun, G.Q. and Zhang, Rong and Arias, M. and Sutton, Turner B. and Crous, P.W. and Ivanovic, Milan and McManus, Patricia S. and Cooley, Daniel R. and Mayr, Ulrich and Weber, Roland W. S. and Yoder, Keith S. and Ponte Del, Emerson M. and Biggs, Alan R. and Oertel, B. (2011) A New View of Sooty Blotch and Flyspeck. Plant Disease, 95, 368-383. ISSN 0191-2917.

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Sooty blotch and flyspeck (SBFS) fungi colonize the surface wax layer of the fruit of apple, pear, persimmon, banana, orange, papaya, and several other cultivated tree and vine crops. In addition to colonizing cultivated fruit crops, SBFS fungi also grow on the surfaces of stems, twigs, leaves, and fruit of a wide range of wild plants. The disease occurs worldwide in regions with moist growing seasons. SBFS is regarded as a serious disease by fruit growers and plant pathologists because it can cause substantial economic damage. The smudges and stipples of SBFS often result in downgrading of fruit from premium fresh-market grade to processing use. This review describes the major shifts that have occurred during the past decade in understanding the genetic diversity of the SBFS complex, clarifying its biogeography and environmental biology, and developing improved management strategies.

Item Type:Article
Institutes:Centraalbureau voor Schimmelcultures (CBS)
ID Code:12773
Deposited On:03 Jan 2012 01:00
Last Modified:23 Nov 2012 12:30

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