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Beyond the Plankton Ecology Group (PEG) Model: Mechanisms Driving Plankton Succession

Sommer, U. and Adrian, R. and De Senerpont Domis, L.N. and Elser, J.J. and Gaedke, U. and Ibelings, B.W. and Jeppesen, E. and Lurling, M. and Molinero, J.C. and Mooij, W.M. and Van Donk, E. and Winder, M. (2012) Beyond the Plankton Ecology Group (PEG) Model: Mechanisms Driving Plankton Succession. Annual Review of Ecology Evolution and Systematics, 43, 429-448. ISSN 1543-592X.

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The seasonal succession of plankton is an annually repeated process of community assembly during which all major external factors and internal interactions shaping communities can be studied. A quarter of a century ago, the state of this understanding was described by the verbal plankton ecology group (PEG) model. It emphasized the role of physical factors, grazing and nutrient limitation for phytoplankton, and the role of food limitation and fish predation for zooplankton. Although originally targeted at lake ecosystems, it became also adopted by marine plankton ecologists. Since then, a suite of ecological interactions previously underestimated in importance have become research foci: overwintering of key organisms, the microbial food web, parasitism, and food quality as a limiting factor and an extended role of higher order predators. A review of the impact of these novel interactions on plankton seasonal succession reveals limited effects on gross seasonal biomass patterns, but strong effects on species replacements.

Item Type:Article
Institutes:Nederlands Instituut voor Ecologie (NIOO)
ID Code:12810
Deposited On:26 Nov 2012 10:58
Last Modified:22 Aug 2013 11:54

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