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The parasite-host relationship between Encarsia formosa (Hymenoptera: Aphelinidae) and Trialeurodes vaporariorum (Homoptera: Aleyrodidae). IX. A review of the biological control of the greenhouse whitefly with suggestions for future research

Vet, L.E.M. and Lenteren Van, J.C. and Woets, J. (1980) The parasite-host relationship between Encarsia formosa (Hymenoptera: Aphelinidae) and Trialeurodes vaporariorum (Homoptera: Aleyrodidae). IX. A review of the biological control of the greenhouse whitefly with suggestions for future research. Zeitschrift für Angewandte Entomologie, 90, 26-51. ISSN 1439-0418.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1439-0418.1980.tb03499.x

Abstract

The parasitic wasp Encarsia formosa is used in many countries to control an important glasshouse pest, Trialeurodes vaporariorum. Increasing energy costs initiated research about breeding tomato varieties that can be grown at lower glasshouse temperatures than usual. Encarsia formosa is, however, not sufficiently efficient in controlling whitefly at these low temperatures. The great success of this biocontrol method forces us to search for a solution either by selecting cold-resistant E. formosa strains, or by screening of other parasites and predators. In this paper the current situation with regard to control of whitefly is evaluated, the knowledge about factors influencing the relationship between host and parasite is reviewed, data about other parasites and predators are given, and evaluation procedures of natural enemies are discussed.

Item Type:Article
Institutes:Nederlands Instituut voor Ecologie (NIOO)
ID Code:13
Deposited On:14 Mar 2012 01:00
Last Modified:17 Apr 2014 14:05

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