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Minorities and Language

Gorter, D. (2006) Minorities and Language. In: Encyclopedia of Language and Linguistics, (pp. 156-159). 2nd edition. K. Brown (ed in chief). doi:10.1016/B0-08-044854-2/01295-5.

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Abstract

The relationship between minorities and language is complicated and related to the development of nation-states. Language minorities, as a social group, are distinguished from minority languages. The definition of minority is problematic. The size of a minority can differ widely. For membership, there is the issue of who counts as a speaker. Important frameworks are discussed. The model of 'ethnolinguistic vitality' measures chances for survival as a distinctive community. The GIDS scale (Graded Intergenerational Disruption Scale) assigns a key role to language group reproduction in reversing language shift (RLS). The policy-to-outcome path uses capacity, opportunity, and desire as central conditions for minority languages to be used.

Item Type:Chapter/Part of Book
Additional Information:2nd edition. K. Brown (ed in chief). doi:10.1016/B0-08-044854-2/01295-5
Institutes:Fryske Akademy
ID Code:2987
Deposited On:13 Feb 2009 17:11
Last Modified:19 Jan 2010 11:15

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