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Invertebrate herbivory during the regeneration phase: experiments with a freshwater angiosperm

Elger, A.F. and De Boer, T. and Hanley, M.E. (2007) Invertebrate herbivory during the regeneration phase: experiments with a freshwater angiosperm. Journal of Ecology, 95, 106-114. ISSN 0022-0477.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2745.2006.01182.x

Abstract

1 Invertebrate grazing during the regeneration phase is well known to exert a strong structuring effect in terrestrial plant communities. However, very few studies have investigated the effect of invertebrate herbivores on regenerating freshwater angiosperms, despite the obvious benefits for the development of general theories in plant community ecology. 2 Our study investigated the parameters that determine the sensitivity of the freshwater macrophyte Potamogeton pectinatus L. to herbivory by the pond snail Lymnaea stagnalis (L.). P. pectinatus was raised from winter-collected tubers in aquatic microcosms and submitted to grazing by snails at various densities and starvation levels. 3 Newly sprouted P. pectinatus was much more sensitive to snail grazing than mature plants: survival of newly sprouted plants decreased as snail density increased, whereas the survival rate of mature plants was unaffected by snail density. Moreover, the sensitivity of newly sprouted P. pectinatus to herbivory decreased as its initial tuber mass increased. The damage to newly sprouted P. pectinatus by herbivory increased with snail starvation. However, the presence of an alternative, highly pala 4 These results demonstrate the potential structuring role exerted by gastropods during the regeneration of freshwater macrophytes, supporting results from terrestrial systems. They also suggest that regenerating plants may avoid invertebrate herbivory by modulating their intrinsic characteristics (e.g. increasing propagule size) or by emerging under favourable environmental conditions (e.g. low invertebrate density, presence of alternative food). Herbivory during the regeneration phase is ther

Item Type:Article
Institutes:Nederlands Instituut voor Ecologie (NIOO)
ID Code:4487
Deposited On:15 Sep 2009 02:00
Last Modified:24 Apr 2012 16:49

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