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Short-term fate of phytodetritus across the Arabian Sea Oxygen Minimum Zone

Andersson, J.H. and Woulds, C. and Schwartz, M. and Cowie, G.L. and Levin, L.A. and Soetaert, K.E.R. and Middelburg, J.J. (2008) Short-term fate of phytodetritus across the Arabian Sea Oxygen Minimum Zone. Biogeosciences, 5, 43-53. ISSN 1726-4170.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.5194/bg-5-43-2008

Abstract

The short-term fate of phytodetritus was investigated across the Pakistan margin of the Arabian Sea at water depths ranging from 140 to 1850 m, encompassing the oxygen minimum zone (~100–1100 m). Phytodetritus sedimentation events were simulated by adding ~44 mmol 13C-labelled algal material per m2 to surface sediments in retrieved cores. Cores were incubated in the dark, at in situ temperature and oxygen concentrations. Overlying waters were sampled periodically, and cores were recovered and sampled (for organisms and sediments) after durations of two and five days. The labelled carbon was subsequently traced into bacterial lipids, foraminiferan and macrofaunal biomass, and dissolved organic and inorganic pools. The majority of the label (20 to 100%) was in most cases left unprocessed in the sediment at the surface. The largest pool of processed carbon was found to be respiration (0 to 25% of added carbon), recovered as dissolved inorganic carbon. Both temperature and oxygen were found to influence the rate of respiration. Macrofaunal influence was most pronounced at the lower part of the oxygen minimum zone where it contributed 11% to the processing of phytodetritus.

Item Type:Article
Institutes:Nederlands Instituut voor Ecologie (NIOO)
ID Code:4702
Deposited On:29 Sep 2009 02:00
Last Modified:15 Jan 2014 09:18

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