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Clonal plasticity of aquatic plant species submitted to mechanical stress: escape versus resistance strategy

Puijalon, S. and Bouma, T.J. and Groenendael van, J.M. and Bornette, G. (2008) Clonal plasticity of aquatic plant species submitted to mechanical stress: escape versus resistance strategy. Annals of Botany, 102, 989-996. ISSN 0305-7364.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/aob/mcn190

Abstract

Background and Aims: The plastic alterations of clonal architecture are likely to have functional consequences, as they affect the spatial distribution of ramets over patchy environments. However, little is known about the effect of mechanical stresses on the clonal growth. The aim of the present study was to investigate the clonal plasticity induced by mechanical stress consisting of continuous water current encountered by aquatic plants. More particularly, the aim was to test the capacity of the plants to escape this stress through clonal plastic responses. Methods: The transplantation of ramets of the same clone in two contrasting flow velocity conditions was carried out for two species (Potamogeton coloratus and Mentha aquatica) which have contrasting clonal growth forms. Relative allocation to clonal growth, to creeping stems in the clonal biomass, number and total length of creeping stems, spacer length and main creeping stem direction were measured. Key Results: For P. coloratus, plants exposed to water current displayed increased total length of creeping stems, increased relative allocation to creeping stems within the clonal dry mass and increased spacer length. For M. aquatica, plants exposed to current displayed increased number and total length of creeping stems. Exposure to current induced for both species a significant increase of the proportion of creeping stems in the downstream direction to the detriment of creeping stems perpendi Conclusions: This study demonstrates that mechanical stress from current flow induced plastic variation in clonal traits for both species. The responses of P. coloratus could lead to an escape strategy, with low benefits with respect to sheltering and anchorage. The responses of M. aquatica that may result in a denser canopy and enhancement of anchorage efficiency could lead to a resistance strategy.

Item Type:Article
Institutes:Nederlands Instituut voor Ecologie (NIOO)
ID Code:4777
Deposited On:29 Sep 2009 02:00
Last Modified:24 Apr 2012 16:46

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