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Bacterial mycophagy: definition and diagnosis of a unique bacterial-fungal interaction

Leveau, J.H.J. and Preston, G.M. (2008) Bacterial mycophagy: definition and diagnosis of a unique bacterial-fungal interaction. New Phytologist, 177, 859-876. ISSN 0028-646X.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-8137.2007.02325.x

Abstract

This review analyses the phenomenon of bacterial mycophagy, which we define as a set of phenotypic behaviours that enable bacteria to obtain nutrients from living fungi and thus allow the conversion of fungal into bacterial biomass. We recognize three types of bacterial strategies to derive nutrition from fungi: necrotrophy, extracellular biotrophy and endocellular biotrophy. Each is characterized by a set of uniquely sequential and differently overlapping interactions with the fungal target. We offer a detailed analysis of the nature of these interactions, as well as a comprehensive overview of methodologies for assessing and quantifying their individual contributions to the mycophagy phenotype. Furthermore, we discuss future prospects for the study and exploitation of bacterial mycophagy, including the need for appropriate tools to detect bacterial mycophagy in situ in order to be able to understand, predict and possibly manipulate the way in which mycophagous bacteria affect fungal activity, turnover, and community structure in soils and other ecosystems.

Item Type:Article
Institutes:Nederlands Instituut voor Ecologie (NIOO)
ID Code:4802
Deposited On:30 Sep 2009 02:00
Last Modified:24 Apr 2012 16:46

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