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Filipin is a reliable in situ marker of ergosterol in the plasma membrane of germinating conidia (spores) of Penicillium discolor and stains intensively at the site of germ tube formation

Leeuwen van, M.R. and Smant, W. and De Boer, W. and Dijksterhuis, J. (2008) Filipin is a reliable in situ marker of ergosterol in the plasma membrane of germinating conidia (spores) of Penicillium discolor and stains intensively at the site of germ tube formation. Journal of Microbiological Methods, 74, 64-73. ISSN 0167-7012.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.mimet.2008.04.001

Abstract

Filipin, a widely used fluorescent sterol marker is also a potent antibiotic. In this study we address the reliability of filipin as a monitor of ergosterol in fungal cells. A revised staining protocol was developed to minimize any biological effect of the compound. Germinating conidia of Penicillium discolor stained with filipin, displayed a fluorescent cap at the location of germ tube appearance and formation. During germ tube emergence, the fluorescent intensity of the cap increased. This was confirmed by HPLC as an increase of the net cellular ergosterol content. Filipin staining is absent during early germination, while FM dyes, similar molecules, stain the plasma membrane after 1 h. This indicates that the conidial cell wall is no barrier for filipin. To evaluate if filipin does bind ergosterol in situ, natamycin, more specific to ergosterol, was added before filipin staining. This resulted in a marked decrease in fluorescence indicating high ergosterol levels. This was characterized further in ergΔ-mutant cells of Saccharomyces cerevisiae containing altered sterols. Here ergosterol containing cells showed a high fluorescence decrease. Taken together, these data suggest that filipin monitors an ergosterol-enriched cap in germinating conidia at the site of germ tube formation. Furthermore, the sterol-rich cap decreases and reappears after a period of actin disruption. Myriocin that affects sphingolipid synthesis results in an increase of cellular ergosterol and overall filipin fluorescence, but not at the ergosterol cap, where fluorescence is significantly lowered. In conclusion, in this work we have demonstrated an effective revised method for ergosterol staining with filipin and demonstrated its specificity in both Penicillium and Saccharomyces.

Item Type:Article
Institutes:Nederlands Instituut voor Ecologie (NIOO)
Centraalbureau voor Schimmelcultures (CBS)
ID Code:4880
Deposited On:30 Sep 2009 02:00
Last Modified:24 Apr 2012 16:46

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