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Modeling lakes and reservoirs in the climate system

MacKay, M.D. and Neale, P.J. and Arp, C.D. and De Senerpont Domis, L.N. and Fang, X. and Gal, G. and Jöhnk, K.D. and Kirillin, G. and Lenters, J.D. and Litchman, E. and MacIntyre, S. and Marsh, P. and Melack, J. and Mooij, W.M. and Peeters, F. and Quesada, A. and Schladow, S.G. and Schmid, M. and Spence, C. and Stokes, S.L. (2009) Modeling lakes and reservoirs in the climate system. Limnology and Oceanography, 54, 2315-2329. ISSN 0024-3590.

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Modeling studies examining the effect of lakes on regional and global climate, as well as studies on the influence of climate variability and change on aquatic ecosystems, are surveyed. Fully coupled atmosphere–land surface–lake climate models that could be used for both of these types of study simultaneously do not presently exist, though there are many applications that would benefit from such models. It is argued here that current understanding of physical and biogeochemical processes in freshwater systems is sufficient to begin to construct such models, and a path forward is proposed. The largest impediment to fully representing lakes in the climate system lies in the handling of lakes that are too small to be explicitly resolved by the climate model, and that make up the majority of the lake-covered area at the resolutions currently used by global and regional climate models. Ongoing development within the hydrological sciences community and continual improvements in model resolution should help ameliorate this issue.

Item Type:Article
Institutes:Nederlands Instituut voor Ecologie (NIOO)
ID Code:6277
Deposited On:10 Jun 2010 02:00
Last Modified:04 Sep 2014 09:45

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