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Restoration of tidal freshwater vegetation using controlled reduced tide (CRT) along the Schelde Estuary (Belgium)

Jacobs, S. and Beauchard, O. and Struyf, E. and Cox, T.J.S. and Maris, T. and Meire, P. (2009) Restoration of tidal freshwater vegetation using controlled reduced tide (CRT) along the Schelde Estuary (Belgium). Estuarine Coastal and Shelf Science, 85, 368-376. ISSN 0272-7714.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ecss.2009.09.004

Abstract

Throughout the world, tidal marshes are being restored to obtain natural protection against recurring storm surges and sea level rise and to preserve the resources these habitats provide. Managed realignment, or breaching of the seaward dikes, is a restoration technique increasingly used; yet unsuitable site elevation has been a major constraint to habitat development. Controlled reduced tide (CRT), a new technique to implement tidal regime on low elevated sites, could offer solutions for several problems associated with reconstruction or mitigation of tidal marshes. We followed vegetation development at 3-month intervals during two years after implementation of the first pilot CRT treatment, which aimed to restore tidal freshwater marsh habitat in an agricultural site where elevation relative to the estuarine marshes has lowered. The development of the plant community and its driving forces (flooding, remnant vegetation) were studied. Arrival and establishment of typical tidal freshwater marsh vegetation was rapid, and a clear elevation gradient developed b

Item Type:Article
Institutes:Nederlands Instituut voor Ecologie (NIOO)
ID Code:6332
Deposited On:23 Mar 2010 01:00
Last Modified:24 Apr 2012 16:44

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