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Presence of the fire ant Solenopsis invicta (Westwood) (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) stimulates burrowiong behavior by larvae of the sandfly Lutzomyia longipalpis (Lutz & Neiva)(Diptera: Psychodidae)

Harvey, J.A. and Hamilton, J.G.C. and Ward, R.D. (2010) Presence of the fire ant Solenopsis invicta (Westwood) (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) stimulates burrowiong behavior by larvae of the sandfly Lutzomyia longipalpis (Lutz & Neiva)(Diptera: Psychodidae). Neotropical Entomology, 39, 137-139. ISSN 1519-566X.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1519-566X2010000100020

Abstract

The sandfly Lutzomyia longipalpis (Lutz & Neiva) vectors leishmaniasis in the neotropics. Although much is known about the biology of adult flies, little is known about interactions with its natural enemies. Here, we examined behavior of larvae of L4 L.longipalpis on a soil substrate when exposed to the fire ant Solenopsis invicata (Westwood). When ants were absent, most larvae tended to remain at or close to the soil surface, but when ants were present the larvae burrowed into the soil. Sandflies seek refuges in the presence of generalist predators, thus rendering them immune to attack from many potential enemies.

Item Type:Article
Institutes:Nederlands Instituut voor Ecologie (NIOO)
ID Code:6467
Deposited On:01 Jul 2010 02:00
Last Modified:04 Sep 2014 09:40

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