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DNA phylogeny reveals polyphyly of Phoma section Peyronellaea and multiple taxonomic novelties

Aveskamp, M.M. and Verkley, G. J. and Gruyter de, J. and Murace, M. A. and Perello, A. and Woudenberg, J.H.C. and Groenewald, J.Z. and Crous, P.W. (2009) DNA phylogeny reveals polyphyly of Phoma section Peyronellaea and multiple taxonomic novelties. Mycologia, 101, 363-382. ISSN 0027-5514.

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Official URL: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=PubMed&dopt=Citation&list_uids=19537209

Abstract

Species of the anamorph genus Phoma are commonly isolated from a wide range of ecological niches. They are notoriously difficult to identify due to the paucity of morphological features and the plasticity of these when cultivated on agar media. Species linked to Phoma section Peyronellaea are typified by the production of dictyochlamydospores and thus have additional characters to use in taxon delineation. However, the taxonomy of this section is still not fully understood. Furthermore the production of such chlamydospores also is known in some other sections of Phoma. DNA sequences were generated from three loci, namely ITS, actin, and 3-tubulin, to clarify the phylogeny of Phoma taxa that produce dictyochlamydospores. Results were unable to support section Peyronellaea as a taxonomic entity. Dictyochlamydospore formation appears to be a feature that developed, or was lost, many times during the evolution of Phoma. Furthermore, based on the multigene analyses, five new Phoma species could be delineated while a further five required taxonomic revision to be consistent with the genetic variation observed.

Item Type:Article
Institutes:Centraalbureau voor Schimmelcultures (CBS)
ID Code:6869
Deposited On:27 Jan 2010 01:00
Last Modified:03 Aug 2010 15:25

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