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Metastatic behaviour of primary human tumours in a zebrafish xenotransplantation model.

Marques, I.J. and Weiss, F.U. and Vlecken, D.H. and Nitsche, C. and Bakkers, J.P.W.M. and Lagendijk, A.K. and Partecke, L.I. and Heidecke, C.D. and Lerch, M.M. and Bagowski, C.P. (2009) Metastatic behaviour of primary human tumours in a zebrafish xenotransplantation model. BMC Cancer, 9. ISSN 1471-2407.

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BACKGROUND: Aberrant regulation of cell migration drives progression of many diseases, including cancer cell invasion and metastasis formation. Analysis of tumour invasion and metastasis in living organisms to date is cumbersome and involves difficult and time consuming investigative techniques. For primary human tumours we establish here a simple, fast, sensitive and cost-effective in vivo model to analyse tumour invasion and metastatic behaviour. METHODS: We fluorescently labelled small explants from gastrointestinal human tumours and investigated their metastatic behaviour after transplantation into zebrafish embryos and larvae. The transparency of the zebrafish embryos allows to follow invasion, migration and micrometastasis formation in real-time. High resolution imaging was achieved through laser scanning confocal microscopy of live zebrafish. RESULTS: In the transparent zebrafish embryos invasion, circulation of tumour cells in blood vessels, migration and micrometastasis formation can be followed in real-time. Xenografts of primary human tumours showed invasiveness and micrometastasis formation within 24 hours after transplantation, which was absent when non-tumour tissue was implanted. Furthermore, primary human tumour cells, when organotopically implanted in the zebrafish liver, demonstrated invasiveness and metastatic behaviour, whereas primary control cells remained in the liver. Pancreatic tumour cells showed no metastatic behaviour when injected into cloche mutant embryos, which lack a functional vasculature. CONCLUSION: Our results show that the zebrafish is a useful in vivo animal model for rapid analysis of invasion and metastatic behaviour of primary human tumour specimen.

Item Type:Article
Institutes:Hubrecht Instituut
ID Code:6924
Deposited On:14 Dec 2009 01:00
Last Modified:13 Oct 2010 12:51

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