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Surveillance of wild birds for avian influenza virus

Hoye, B.J. and Munster, V.J. and Nishiura, H. and Klaassen, M.R.J. and Fouchier, R.A.M (2010) Surveillance of wild birds for avian influenza virus. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 16, 1827-1834. ISSN 1080-6040.

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Recent demand for increased understanding of avian infl uenza virus in its natural hosts, together with the development of high-throughput diagnostics, has heralded a new era in wildlife disease surveillance. However, survey design, sampling, and interpretation in the context of host populations still present major challenges. We critically reviewed current surveillance to distill a series of considerations pertinent to avian infl uenza virus surveillance in wild birds, including consideration of what, when, where, and how many to sample in the context of survey objectives. Recognizing that wildlife disease surveillance is logistically and fi nancially constrained, we discuss pragmatic alternatives for achieving probability-based sampling schemes that capture this host–pathogen system. We recommend hypothesis-driven surveillance through standardized, local surveys that are, in turn, strategically compiled over broad geographic areas. Rethinking the use of existing surveillance infrastructure can thereby greatly enhance our global understanding of avian infl uenza and other zoonotic diseases.

Item Type:Article
Institutes:Nederlands Instituut voor Ecologie (NIOO)
ID Code:9074
Deposited On:04 Jan 2011 01:00
Last Modified:16 Jul 2013 10:51

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