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Loss of the tumor suppressor CYLD enhances Wnt/beta-catenin signaling through K63-linked ubiquitination of Dvl

Tauriello, D. V. and Haegebarth, A. and Kuper, I. and Edelmann, M. J. and Henraat, M. and Dijk Canninga-van, M. R. and Kessler, B. M. and Clevers, H. and Maurice, M.M. (2010) Loss of the tumor suppressor CYLD enhances Wnt/beta-catenin signaling through K63-linked ubiquitination of Dvl. Molecular Cell, 37, 607-19. ISSN 1097-2765.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.molcel.2010.01.035

Abstract

The mechanism by which Wnt receptors transduce signals to activate downstream beta-catenin-mediated target gene transcription remains incompletely understood but involves Frizzled (Fz) receptor-mediated plasma membrane recruitment and activation of the cytoplasmic effector Dishevelled (Dvl). Here, we identify the deubiquitinating enzyme CYLD, the familial cylindromatosis tumor suppressor gene, as a negative regulator of proximal events in Wnt/beta-catenin signaling. Depletion of CYLD from cultured cells markedly enhances Wnt-induced accumulation of beta-catenin and target gene activation. Moreover, we demonstrate hyperactive Wnt signaling in human cylindroma skin tumors that arise from mutations in CYLD. At the molecular level, CYLD interacts with and regulates K63-linked ubiquitination of Dvl. Enhanced ubiquitination of the polymerization-prone DIX domain in CYLD-deficient cells positively links to the signaling activity of Dvl. Together, our results argue that loss of CYLD instigates tumor growth in human cylindromatosis through a mechanism in which hyperubiquitination of polymerized Dvl drives enhancement of Wnt responses.

Item Type:Article
Institutes:Hubrecht Instituut
ID Code:9485
Deposited On:04 Jan 2011 01:00
Last Modified:07 Sep 2011 17:01

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