KNAW Repository

Introducing 'productive interactions' in social impact assessment

Spaapen, J.B. and Drooge van, L. (2011) Introducing 'productive interactions' in social impact assessment. Research Evaluation, 20, 211-218. ISSN 0958-2029.

PDF - Published Version

Official URL:


Social impact of research is difficult to measure. Attribution problems arise because of the often long time-lag between research and a particular impact, and because impacts are the consequences of multiple causes. Furthermore, there is a lack of robust measuring instruments. We aim to overcome these problems through a different approach to evaluation where learning is the prime concern instead of judging. We focus on what goes on between researchers and other actors, and so narrow the gap between research and impact, or at least make it transparent. And by making the process visible, we are able to suggest indicator categories that arguably lead to more robust measuring instruments. We propose three categories of what we refer to as ‘productive interactions’: direct or personal interactions; indirect interactions through texts or artefacts; and financial interactions through money or ‘in kind’ contributions.

Item Type:Article
Institutes:Rathenau instituut
ID Code:9788
Deposited On:21 Nov 2011 01:00
Last Modified:01 Sep 2013 04:00

Repository Staff Only: item control page